23rd European Heart Disease and Heart Failure Congress
University of Freiburg, Germany
Title: Shear wave elastography of peripheral muscle weakness in patients with chronic heart failure – A new diagnostic ultrasound method
Biography: Mariya Maslarska
It is well established that patients with heart failure often suffer from severe peripheral muscular weaknesses resulting in difficulties performing daily life tasks. Reduced oxygen delivery, lowered lactate turnover and mitochondrial capacity are thought be responsible for a diminished contractility of peripheral muscles in heart failure patients. Purpose: We sought to investigate whether shear wave elastography (SWE) is useful tool in identifying weaknesses in extension (stretch) and flexion of peripheral muscles. Material and Methods: 28 patients (pts) with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF, age 64,9 ± 13) with mid-range (HFmrEF,LVEF 40-49%)and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF,LVEF<40%) and 17 healthy control persons(CP, age 55,8±20,4, p= 0,115) participated in the study. SWE of the gastrocnemius- and flexor carpi muscles was performed using a Loqiq E9 XDClear ultrasound maschine applying a 9L-linear array scanner. Resting kPa and exercise kPa between the muscles were assessed within a range of 0-300 kPa. Data were expressed as mean±SD and compared using the unpaired Student’s t-test with Bonferonis correction whenever appropriate. Results: Resting kPa was not different in CHF and CP , neither for muscle flexion (19.,8 ±5,1 vs. 20,5 ± 6 p=0,683) nor in the muscle extension group (12,7 ± 3,9 vs 13,3 ± 3; p=0,602). Exercise -kPA of gastrocnemius muscle (57,2.±19,5 vs. 87,1± 13,7; p<0,001) and flexor carpi muscle(44,3± 13,3 vs. 61,6± 21.7; p=0,005) were markedly reduced in CHF- compared with CP pts. Conclusion: Shear wave elastography appears to be an extremely valuable tool to diagnose muscle weaknesses in patients with chronic heart failure.