3rd Global Summit on Heart Diseases
University of Jember, Indonesia
Title: One Day One Cup of Coffee Movement in Decreasing AtherosclerosisInduced Cardiovascular Disease
Biography: Agung Anugerah
Statement of the Problem: Cardiovasular disease hold the title for the biggest public health burden worldwide. It accounts for 17.3 million deaths each year and continuously increasing. Atherosclerosis is the leading pathological cause among millions of cardiovascular disease happened. Preventive measure must be taken to decrease atherosclerosis induced cardiovascular disease. A study from America reveals America has halved it’s cardiovascular incident in 20 years and 79% of the reduction is due to primary prevention. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A literature study was utilized on understanding the effect of coffee toward atherosclerosis progression and determining the strategic intervention to promote cardiovascular health, particularly about atherosclerosis. Findings: Coffee is infamous with it’s caffeine, which cause adverse impact on cardiovascular health. But coffee also contain a lot of cardioprotective substance like phenol, vitamin B3, magnesium, kalium, and fiber. An in vivo study in periodontitis rat model reveal that coffee halt and decrease atherosclerosis progression though increase in intima media thickness and density, also reduction in stenosis, fat deposition, and endothelia disintegration. Proving that the net effect of coffee as a whole is cardioprotective. Furthermore, caffeine and diterpenes substance can be removed through filtration. Consuming one to four cups of coffee each day is safe. Coffee is the most consumed drink, second only to water. While coffee is familiar worldwide, it’s strategic to promote cardiovascular health by promoting health coffee consumption. It’s also important to emphasize the overall effect of coffee, especially in countries where coffee consumption is decreasing. Coffee is identical with lifestyle, so, spreading the message through media influencer will more likely to develop impact. Conclusion & Significance: Emphasizing coffee as a lifestyle which is also an preventive measure from atherosclerosis-induced cardiovascular disease at the same time is strategic because it’s already known widely, so it’s likely to also be accepted widely.